Labour Law Compliance in India - Act, Applicability & Purpose

Labour laws provide the legal rights and restrictions on working people and their organizations. These laws focus on laying down the rules/policies/procedures/programs/schemes/projects for improving workers' quality of life and working conditions. These laws cover various aspects in regards to working conditions of the person and their organizations such as health and safety of workers, layoff procedures, the problem of child labour, hazardous working conditions, employment services, unfair labour practices, minimum wage system, etc.

Through this article, we can understand labour law and labour law compliance. 

What are the acts covered under Labour Laws in India? 

The Central Labour Acts includes the following: 

  • Employees’ Compensation Act
  • Trade Unions Act
  • Payment of Wages Act
  • Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act
  • Industrial Disputes Act
  • Minimum Wages Act
  • Employees’ State Insurance Act
  • Factories Act
  • Plantation Labour Act
  • Mines Act
  • Employees’ Provident Funds Act
  • Employment Exchange Act
  • Motor Transport Workers Act
  • Maternity Benefit Act
  • Payment of Bonus Act
  • Beedi and Cigar Workers Act
  • Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act
  • Payment of Gratuity Act
  • Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act
  • Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act
  • Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act
  • Equal Remuneration Act
  • Inter-State Migrant Act
  • Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act
  • Dock Workers Act
  • Child and Adolescent Labour Act
  • Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Act
  • Unorganized Workers’ Security Act and more

The provision of such Act determines the applicability of each Act under labour law. 

What is covered under Labour Law Compliance Checklist? 

Compliance with labour laws is to be done as per the provisions of the specific Act.  

A brief list of compliances that forms part of labour law are as follows: 



Contract Labour Act, 1970 and Rules 

  • Sufficient facilities like drinking water, canteen, etc. for workmen
  • Sufficient facilities for women workers
  • Maintenance of registers
  • Filing of returns

Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 

  • Payment of contribution every month
  • Maintenance of registers
  • Filing of returns

Employee's Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 

  • Payment of contribution every month
  • Maintenance of registers
  • Filing of returns

Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 

  • Anti-discrimination policies in regard to payment men and women for same work
  • preparation of register

Factories Act, 1948 

  • Obtaining/ renewal of the license as per the appropriate provision of the Act
  • Adoption of adequate safety measures within the factory premises.
  • Adoption of adequate welfare measures like crèche, canteen, washroom, etc. for the workers. 
  • Payment of overtime wages
  • Maintenance of registers
  • Filing of returns

Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 

  • Grant of leave along with payment of wages after childbirth/ other maternity-related issues like abortion etc.
  • Filing of necessary returns

Minimum Wages Act, 1948 

  • Providing minimum wages as per the statutory laws
  • Maintenance of registers
  • Filing of necessary returns 


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