Copyright Piracy is a worldwide phenomenon which is defined as the unauthorized or illegal means of reproduction, distributing or importing the original work protected by copyright. Copyright piracy is a phenomenon prevalent worldwide. The author of a copyrighted work, has the ownership of the work and enjoys certain exclusive rights. The rights include;
In case a third party who is not the copyright owner or is the authorized party, undertakes any of the above rights & carries on activities related to the work, it amounts to infringement of the copyright. It is a theft to the owner which leads to the loss of the rights and properties.
The illegal reproduction of printed material in form of Print media which includes books, magazines etc is termed as Piracy of literary works. It is reproduced for distribution and selling of the same for profit illegally. There are three principal ways in which the piracy of literature is worked out in India:
This Industry is victim of three types of piracy;
However it is not easy pirating a Cinematographic work as it is more complex in nature and includes a variety of copyrights in a single work and many a times the rights overlap each other. The 'theatrical right' i.e. the right to exhibit films in theatres is the initial copyright of a Film where the producer is the copyright holder. In order to exhibit in theatres the distributors buy theatrical rights from producers. These rights are limited by territory and time.
The practice of copying and distributing computer programs without the permission of the copyright holder leads to piracy of computer programs. The rights lie with the software industry, for creation and distribution of computer programs. It is similar to writing a novel or other literary works and requires technological skills and training in software programming. A software can be created individually but it is generally a group effort where a team spends months to develop the complete program.
Piracy is a big problem in India and in recent times it has receive prominence in the academic and policy circles. It contributes to the economic loss of the owners.
The major reasons behind Copyright Piracy are;
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