What is a Class in Trademark?

There are businesses which include different products or services and while registering a trademark, nice classification is one of the important aspect which differentiates all the applications.

Business minds usually want everything to have favorable and longer returns which make them secure their brand first. A brand name provides an identity to the business and recognition among the customers. Trademark acts as a shield to any business and adds distinctiveness to it. It is necessary to get the trademark registered once you begin with your business ideas.

Trademark Class is a necessary part of the registration process and makes a significant difference to your application. Trademark classification is a list of several classes which individually categorise different types of goods and services. Registering a trademark depends on what kind of a business you wish to do and the class under which it falls.

Types of Trademark Classes

According to the Trademark Act 1999, there are 45 different trademark classes which classify the types of goods and services under which businesses can register their respective trademarks. The World Intellectual Property Organization works according to the International marketing standards and follows a similar class structure known as NICE Classification.

There are two sections in this classification which separates the products and services from each other. It helps the applicant to precisely specify the kind of business he/she wish to market and register the trademark according to the selected class type. Class 1 to 34 contains a different type of Products, while Class 35-45 have Serviced.

The Significance of Trademark Class

While applying for the trademark registration, it is essential to mention the class correctly. You can also file a single application under multiple classes if your business includes both products and services.

The class you mention while registration defines your business type and in case you file a wrong class in the form then your application might even get rejected.

For example:

  • If a person deals in chemicals, then, he/she requires to register the trademark under Class 1.
  • Similarly, for musical instruments, the trademark will be registered under Class 15.

You can always check the classification list before deciding on the trademark class for your business so that there is no confusion.


Trademark Class defines the different products and services available in the market to do business. It makes the trademark more specific and relatable. By checking the available classes, you will also know the scope of your trademark to get approved.

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